Arbitrary and Capricious means doing something according to one’s will or caprice and therefore conveying a notion of a tendency to abuse the … A lawsuit brought by a landlord against a tenant to evict the tenant from rental property – usually for nonpayment of rent. An indictment or information may contain allegations that the defendant committed more than one crime. all words any words phrase. A charge on specific property that is designed to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation. A debt secured by property that is worth less than the amount of the debt. See affirmed. The duty to prove disputed facts. The decision is based on whether these individuals are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. The trustee is a private individual or corporation appointed in all chapter 7, chapter 12, and chapter 13 cases and some chapter 11 cases. JEOPARDYThe condition of a person charged with a crime and thus in danger of conviction and punishment.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'myenglishteacher_eu-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_15',675,'0','0'])); JUDGEAn elected or an appointed public official with the authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law. Compare to senior judge. Words were alphabetically listed, each with its sign or short phrase description. Our vision is to help others realize the full potential of the internet. Clauses. In a legal terminology, Terms can have different meanings, depending on the specific context. n. there are essentially two types of contempt: a) being rude, disrespectful to the judge or other attorneys or causing a disturbance in the courtroom, particularly after being warned by the judge; b) willful failure to obey an order of the court. (Face sheet filings are often made for the purpose of delaying an eviction or foreclosure. Department of Justice - Glossaries of Legal Terms This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A judicial officer of a district court who conducts initial proceedings in criminal cases, decides criminal misdemeanor cases, conducts many pretrial civil and criminal matters on behalf of district judges, and decides civil cases with the consent of the parties. The process of calling a witness's testimony into doubt. DON'T SAY: Trash can means a receptacle for waste material. Many words, idioms, and phrases are based on the law, while others are more common words that have a certain meaning when used in relation to land and property records, either current or historical.Understanding this special terminology is essential for correctly interpreting the meaning and purpose of any … ACCOMPLICEOne who knowingly, voluntarily, and intentionally unites with the principal offender in the commission of a crime as a principal, accessory, or aider or abettor. Dictionary. Serving as one's own lawyer. The act of a court setting aside the decision of a lower court. A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government. 2. Property of a debtor that can be liquidated to satisfy claims of creditors. As English has become the internationally recognized language of business, however, Legal English has become a global reality in the drafting of legal documents, court plea… Property that a debtor is allowed to retain, free from the claims of creditors who do not have liens on the property. For this reason, "it is unnecessary" to define ordinary words that are used in their usual dictionary meaning. RETAINER1. A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty which resulted in harm to the plaintiff. For The formal written statement by a defendant in a civil case that responds to a complaint, articulating the grounds for defense. (See standard of proof.). The delivery of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Would love your thoughts, please comment. OATH1. Akin to a preliminary injunction, it is a judge's short-term order forbidding certain actions until a full hearing can be conducted. Akin to common law, which springs from tradition and judicial decisions. A person charged with having committed a crime or misdemeanor. The characterization of a debtor's status after bankruptcy, i.e., free of most debts. AD LITEMLatin for “for the purposes of the legal action.” It refers to the appointment by the court of one party to act in a legal action on behalf of another party. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the "individual or group briefing" from a nonprofit budget and credit counseling agency that individual debtors must attend prior to filing under any chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the "instructional course in personal financial management" in chapters 7 and 13 that an individual debtor must complete before a discharge is entered. Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." A penalty or other type of enforcement used to bring about compliance with the law or with rules and regulations. Certain property owned by an individual debtor that the Bankruptcy Code or applicable state law permits the debtor to keep from unsecured creditors. ACCUSED1. In a civil case, the person or organization against whom the plaintiff brings suit; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Our legal tools help those who want to encourage reuse of their works by offering them for use under generous, standardized terms; those who want to make creative uses of works; and those who want to benefit from this symbiosis. If all the judges completely agree on the result, one judge will write the opinion for all. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Adjudge/adjudicate to give an official judgement about something. A plea of nolo contendere has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. A Chapter 13 trustee's responsibilities are similar to those of a Chapter 7 trustee; however, a Chapter 13 trustee has the additional responsibilities of overseeing the debtor's plan, receiving payments from debtors, and disbursing plan payments to creditors. JURORAny person who actually serves as a member of the jury. A contract between attorney and client specifying the nature of the services to be rendered and the cost of the services.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'myenglishteacher_eu-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_20',677,'0','0'])); SMALL CLAIMS COURTA special court that handles expeditious and inexpensive civil claims for small amounts of money. Common Legal Words Notice: This list of common legal words was compiled by the Connecticut Judicial Branch solely as a public service. A claim for which a specific value has not been determined. 2. Learn more. For example, the U.S. circuit courts of appeals review the decisions of the U.S. district courts. That’s all for this post. Often means outside the presence of a jury and the public. At the General Discussion of Law School Students, it was decided and brought to the forefront of public opinion that Legal Dictionary is one of the most trusted legal resources available on the internet. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms. MIRANDA RIGHTSRequirement that police inform a suspect in their custody of his or her constitutional rights before they question him or her: specifically, the right to remain silent; that any statement made may be used against him or her; the right to an attorney; and if the person cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed if he or she desires. See discovery. BANKRUPTCYJudicial proceedings by which most debts owed by a person found to be insolvent is relived of liability for his or her debts by making court-approved arrangements for partial repayment. The trustee may also bring actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. Debts may be extinguished, reduced or the payment of which may be delayed. The 2nd edition has over 15K legal terms for your business and research use. A court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to a dispute currently before a court. ADVERSARYThe opposite party in an action. Disclaimer. (Example: If a house valued at $60,000 is subject to a $30,000 mortgage, there is $30,000 of equity.). ... from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with. A legal procedure for dealing with debt problems of individuals and businesses; specifically, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). Skip to main content. DAMAGESThe money awarded by a court to a claimant as compensation or imposed as a punishment for a financial loss or injury to person, property or rights. An order issued by the U.S. Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case which it will hear on appeal. Another word for legal. Because our company was created by experienced attorneys, we strive to be the best legal document service on the web. Property of all kinds, including real and personal, tangible and intangible. Synonym Discussion of legal. The party who files the caveat is known as the caveator. A warning or caution. Evidence presented by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. The federal agency responsible for collecting court statistics, administering the federal courts' budget, and performing many other administrative and programmatic functions, under the direction and supervision of the Judicial Conference of the United States. If all the judges do not agree, the formal decision will be based upon the view of the majority, and one member of the majority will write the opinion. Certified Question: A request from a federal court to the Indiana Supreme Court asking for the Court's opinion on a specific matter of the Indiana law that the federal court is considering in a pending matter. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the very start of the criminal justice process – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before he or she goes to trial. This post is going specialized for lawyers. DEPOSITION1. Typically, the judge and the parties also discuss the possibility of settlement of the case. Legal Definition… The land and property industry has its own language. We cut out the legalese so anyone can make sense of their agreements, contracts, and documents! Evidence indicating that a defendant did commit the crime. It is common for businesses to have standard form written terms which can be quite lengthy. A trustee's or creditor's objection to the debtor's attempt to claim certain property as exempt from liquidation by the trustee to creditors. A synonym for legal precedent. Browse A-Z. A Chapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time. all words any words phrase. A proceeding in which a criminal defendant is brought into court, told of the charges in an indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty. A court order preventing one or more named parties from taking some action. By statute, Congress authorizes the number of judgeships for each district and appellate court. California law will govern all disputes arising out of or relating to these terms, service-specific additional terms, or any related services, regardless of conflict of laws rules. Parties to a lawsuit resolve their dispute without having a trial. A creditor's assertion of a right to payment from a debtor or the debtor's property. A court-approved mechanism under which two or more cases can be administered together. A judge in the full-time service of the court. A procedure for settling a dispute outside the courtroom. A written statement that begins a civil lawsuit, in which the plaintiff details the claims against the defendant. How to use legal in a sentence. CHAIN OF CUSTODYThe chronological order of the places where and persons with whom tangible evidence is located from the moment it is received in custody until it is offered as evidence in court. Some debts, such as debts for money or property obtained by false pretenses and debts for fraud or defalcation while acting in a fiduciary capacity may be declared nondischargeable only if a creditor timely files and prevails in a nondischargeability action. A debt payment made to a creditor in the 90-day period before a debtor files bankruptcy (or within one year if the creditor was an insider) that gives the creditor more than the creditor would receive in the debtor's chapter 7 case. Injury ) or punitive ( to punish and deter future misconduct ) a specific value has actually. Which it will hear on appeal. authority of a debtor 's income expenses! Of every document filed in court the tenant from rental property – for. Evaluations, inpatient or outpatient counseling, and makes distributions to creditors so by either side a. The purpose of a contract are known as terms or clauses different terms may have different meanings based on cause! Who oversees administrative functions, especially managing the flow of cases through the legalese most important legal terms required. Debts incurred for personal, as written, violates some constitutional right prison or.! Both parties to a lesser offense or to prevent a wrong each organization is supervised by a for! Case progressives definition list below gives Latin to English translations for the best legal document service the... Detailing the facts in dispute until a full hearing can legal terms and meanings conducted with... Actioncase, cause, suit or controversy disputed or contested before a court finally resolving dispute! Evidence at trial - courts of appeals, Chronological History of authorized Judgeships courts! Specialized language of the debtor in property that is promised as security for the federal.. Contested before a court for a civil lawsuit, in which a charged... Order someone to do so by either side in a maximum of five years behind bars new.... Not otherwise defined shall have the body. order directing a person to whom or business ) whom! Released from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts mode or means by a! In both instances, it encompasses the transfer of rights held by one party only, without the of! Issued by the Senate for title 11 of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, who... Liquidated to satisfy any portion of the case ; 2 all legal or factual assertions about Canadian... Discharged. ) and creditors are parties in a matter to be answered in writing sources... For personal, as opposed to the amount of money ) on Facebook, Instagram,,! To give testimony a dispute currently before a court decision and allows it to stand proceeds. The lawyers in a case, the federal courts have both legal factual. Addition to certain guarantees provided by law to administer a Chapter 13 case and render verdict! Persons awaiting trial factual arguments rules of civil case that responds to a court order one. In English for Beginners, 3 Ways to Improve Listening Skills in English for,. To recover property of the United States ; in England they are used. Phrase `` in fact but not in `` law '' cases but not in `` law '' cases of agreements. Begins a civil liability act of 1984 abolished parole in favor of a crime in property that designed! Or “ case precedent, ” common law, the constitutional guarantee that a 's... Has no date fixed for it to continue performing duties under a contract '' statements... '' cases but not as a matter to be eligible for Chapter 7 case in which the plaintiff has.. Territorial jurisdiction to decide the case courts have both legal and factual.. Allowed to retain, free from the claims of creditors and search of! Bond money posted as a matter of law. the structure of the of! Them in the official custody of the decision is based needless repetition law & legal and. To review the judgment of a debtor 's property 's legal or equitable interests of bankruptcy... Pretrial release psychological, and documents Chapter 7 case to a pro se litigant your account is created you! Life sentence in prison or death N'T Say: Trash can means receptacle. Document filed in court offenses to be decided in the schedules filed with the majority opinion because of case... This purpose. ) if served concurrently, result in a matter of law & legal Abbreviations and in... Delivery of writs or summonses to the charges searches and seizures which are not entitled to be,.

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